March 16, 2024

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Maximizing Your Financial Strategy: A Guide to Grenada's Tax System and Rates

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Maximizing Your Financial Strategy: A Guide to Grenada's Tax System and Rates

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Grenada is a beautiful country in the Caribbean with a rich cultural heritage, crystal-blue waters, and a vibrant economy. However, many people don't realize that Grenada also has a unique tax system and rates that can have a significant impact on their financial strategy. In this guide, we'll take a closer look at Grenada's tax system and rates, including the benefits, common misconceptions, and how you can maximize your financial strategy with the Grenada citizenship by investment program (CBI).

Understanding Grenada's Tax System

Grenada has a relatively simple tax system compared to other countries in the Caribbean. The tax system is based on the principle of territoriality, which means that only income earned within Grenada is subject to taxation. This means that if you're a foreign national living and working in Grenada, you'll only pay taxes on the income you earn within the country. 

The following guidelines apply to determining tax residency in Grenada:

  1. Resident Individual: An individual is considered a resident for tax purposes in Grenada if they meet any of the following conditions:
  • They spend 183 days or more in Grenada during a calendar year.
  • They spent an aggregate of 122 days or more in Grenada during each of the three consecutive calendar years.
  • They are present in Grenada for an average of at least 91 days per year over a four-year period.

Non-Resident Individual: If an individual does not meet any of the criteria mentioned above, they are generally considered a non-resident for tax purposes in Grenada. Non-residents are typically subject to tax on their Grenadian-source income only.

Benefits of Grenada's Tax System

Grenada's tax system offers several benefits for individuals and businesses. Some of the key advantages include:

Low personal income tax rates

Grenada has a progressive income tax system with relatively low tax rates. The highest marginal tax rate for individuals is 30%.

Tax Exemptions and Deductions

Grenada provides various tax exemptions and deductions to individuals and businesses. For instance, individuals may benefit from exemptions on certain types of income, such as income from pensions, interest, dividends, and capital gains. Businesses can also claim deductions for certain expenses incurred in producing income.

No wealth or inheritance taxes

Grenada does not levy any wealth or inheritance taxes, which can be advantageous for individuals and families with significant assets. This can help individuals preserve their wealth and facilitate intergenerational wealth transfers.

Attractive corporate tax regime

Grenada offers a competitive corporate tax regime, which can be appealing to businesses. The corporate income tax rate is set at a flat rate of 30%. Additionally, there are no capital gains taxes or withholding taxes on dividends, interest, or royalties.

Territorial Tax System

Grenada operates on a territorial tax system, which means that only income derived within the country is subject to taxation. This can be advantageous for businesses engaged in international activities, as they may not be taxed on income earned outside of Grenada.

Tax Treaties

Grenada has entered into double tax treaties with various countries, including the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, and several other Caribbean nations. These treaties aim to prevent double taxation and provide relief for businesses and individuals operating in multiple jurisdictions.

Investor-Friendly Environment

Grenada has implemented various initiatives to attract foreign investment. These include the Citizenship by Investment Program (CIP), which offers citizenship and various benefits to qualifying investors. The government's focus on creating a favorable business climate can encourage investment and stimulate economic growth.

Calivigny island

Tax Rates in Grenada - Personal Income Tax, Corporate Tax, Value Added Tax (VAT), Property Tax

The tax rates in Grenada vary depending on the type of tax and the amount of income or profits earned.

Personal Income Tax

Grenada operates a progressive personal income tax system, which means that individuals are taxed at different rates depending on their income level. The following are the income tax rates for individuals in Grenada:

Income Range
Up to EC$ 36,000 0%
EC$ 36,001 - 60,000 15%
EC$ 60,001 and above 30%

Regarding social security contributions for individuals, Grenada operates a National Insurance Scheme (NIS) that provides social security benefits to eligible individuals. The contributions to the NIS are primarily made by employers and employees and are calculated based on a percentage of the employee's earnings. In general, the rate is 5%. The contributions go towards funding benefits such as pensions, unemployment benefits, and healthcare.

As for withholding tax, Grenada may impose it on certain types of income, such as interest, dividends, royalties, or payments to non-residents. The tax rate is 15%. 

Taxes for legal entities 

Grenada imposes a corporate income tax on the profits earned by resident and non-resident companies. The current corporate income tax rate is a flat rate of 30% of the company's taxable income. This rate applies to both domestic and foreign companies operating in Grenada. 

Grenada does not have a separate capital gains tax. Capital gains are generally treated as part of a company's taxable income and subject to the corporate income tax rate.

Additionally, Grenada may impose withholding taxes on certain types of payments made by legal entities. For example, withholding tax may be applicable to dividends, interest, royalties, or payments to non-residents.

Finally, Grenada operates a value-added tax system that applies to the supply of goods and services within the country. The standard VAT rate is 15%. However, certain goods and services may be exempt or subject to reduced rates. Legal entities are generally required to register for VAT if their annual taxable turnover exceeds a certain threshold.

Tax Type Residents Non-Residents
Corporate Tax Up to 30% on the global income 30% on income earned within the country
VAT Up to 20% Up to 20%
Withholding Tax 0% (dividends, interests, royalties) 15% (dividends, interests, royalties)
Social Contribution on Salary 4% 4%

VAT 

In Grenada, the Value Added Tax (VAT) system is in place to levy taxes on the supply of goods and services within the country.

The standard VAT rate in Grenada is 15%. This rate is applied to most goods and services unless they are specifically exempted or subject to reduced rates.

Certain goods and services may be exempt from VAT or subject to reduced rates. For example, basic food items, prescription drugs, educational services, and certain financial services may be exempt or subject to a reduced VAT rate.

Certain goods and services are either zero-rated or exempt from value-added tax. They are as follows:
  • Health services
  • Vegetables, fresh, chilled, or frozen
  • Computers
  • Printed school books and newspapers
  • Agricultural tools
Services Rate
Mobile Talk & Text 20%
Most Goods & Services 15%
Hotel Accommodation & Diving Activities 10%
Some Goods & Services 0%

Businesses that meet the specified turnover threshold are required to register for VAT and charge VAT on their taxable supplies. The turnover threshold for mandatory registration is EC$300,000 per year. However, businesses with a lower turnover may voluntarily register for VAT.

grenada island

Property Tax 

Property tax is a charge levied by the government on real estate. The property is assessed at market value, and a taxable rate based on the land use classification is applied. The following factors are considered during valuation: 
  • Location
  • Land prices in the neighborhood
  • The area's development potential and land use
  • Land type (quality and nature of the soil)
  • Land size and other relevant factors
  • The state, quality, and age of the building(s)

The property owner, as well as occupants of buildings on extended family land, must pay the tax. Property tenants are also required to pay property tax if an arrangement is made in the lease agreement. 

Each type of property has its own set of rates. There is one rate for the building and another for the land. The following are the rates:
Type of Property Land Rate Building Rate
Agricultural 0% 0%
Amenity & Institutional 0.1% 0.1%
Hotel 0.3% 0.02%
Reserve & Waste 0.1% 0%
Industrial 0.3% 0.2%
Residential 0.2% 0.3%
Commercial 0.5% 0.3%

Property transfer refers to any transfer of property, whether by sale, exchange, gift, or other disposition. Tax payable on the transfer of property is as below:
Rate Tax Payers
0% Purchasing (Citizens of Grenada)
5% Selling (Citizens of Grenada)
10% Purchasing (Non-citizens of Grenada)
15% Selling (Non-citizens of Grenada)

The transfer tax for companies is between 5% and 15%. Plus, 10% is applicable for a land license when buying real estate.

There is also a stamp duty of 1%.

Grenada's Tax Incentives and Exemptions

Grenada offers a number of tax incentives and exemptions to individuals and businesses. These incentives and exemptions are designed to encourage investment and economic growth in Grenada. Some of the most popular incentives and exemptions include:

  • Tax holidays for new businesses
  • Tax credits for research and development
  • Tax exemptions for certain types of income and investments
  • Duty-free importation of equipment and materials for businesses

Grenada's Tax Filing and Compliance Requirements

All individuals and businesses in Grenada are required to file tax returns and comply with the tax laws and regulations. The filing and compliance requirements vary depending on the type of tax and the amount of income or profits earned.

For individuals, the tax year runs from January 1 to December 31, and tax returns are due by April 30 of the following year. For businesses, the tax year runs from January 1 to December 31, and tax returns are due by March 31 of the following year.

How the CBI Can Impact Your Tax Strategy

The Grenada CBI program can have a significant impact on your tax strategy, particularly if you're a high-net-worth individual or business owner. One of the main benefits of the Grenada CBI program is that it allows individuals to obtain citizenship and a passport without having to pay taxes on their worldwide income. This can be a valuable asset for individuals looking to minimize their tax liability and protect their wealth.

However, it's important to note that obtaining Grenada citizenship through the CBI program does not automatically exempt you from paying taxes in your home country. You'll still need to comply with the tax laws in your home country and pay taxes on any income earned there. Therefore, it's important to work with a qualified tax professional to develop a comprehensive tax strategy that takes into account your citizenship and residency status.

Grenada Citizenship by Investment Program (CBI)

The Grenada citizenship by investment program (CBI) is a popular option for individuals looking to obtain a second passport. The program allows individuals to invest in Grenada in exchange for citizenship and a passport. This can be an attractive option for individuals who want to expand their business or investment opportunities, travel freely, or gain access to healthcare and education in Grenada.

Investment Options

  • National Transformation Fund (NTF): Applicants can make a non-refundable contribution to the NTF, which is a government fund aimed at financing various development projects in Grenada. The minimum required contribution for a single applicant is typically USD 150,000, but this amount may vary depending on certain factors.
  • Real Estate Investment: Applicants can invest in approved real estate projects in Grenada. The minimum investment amount for real estate is generally USD 220,000, but it can vary depending on the specific project.

Application Process

In order to apply for the Grenada CBI Program, applicants must work with an authorized local agent or an authorized international marketing agent. The application process involves submitting the necessary documents, undergoing due diligence checks, and paying the relevant fees.

Citizenship and Passport

Upon successful completion of the application process, applicants and their families are granted Grenadian citizenship. This includes the issuance of a Grenadian passport, which offers visa-free or visa-on-arrival travel to numerous countries worldwide. The whole process is remote and takes a few months.

Benefits of Grenadian Citizenship

  • Visa-Free Travel: Grenadian passport holders can enjoy visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to over 140 countries, including the United Kingdom, the European Union Schengen Area, China, and many others.
  • Dual Citizenship: Grenada permits dual citizenship, allowing applicants to retain their current citizenship while acquiring Grenadian citizenship.
  • Economic Opportunities: As citizens of Grenada, individuals and families can access economic opportunities in the country, including business ventures and investments.
  • Program Integrity and Due Diligence: The Grenada CBI Program places significant importance on due diligence to ensure the integrity and security of the program. Applicants and their dependents are subject to thorough background checks.

Grenada

Residence Benefits

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Visa free travel to 146 countries

Including the E.U., the Schengen Area, the U.K., Hong Kong, China, and Singapore. Simple procedure for obtaining long-term tourist visas to the United States and Canada B1/B2. E2 visa to the United States

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Global mobility and freedom

We take care of the paperwork and help you prepare and submit your application - you receive your passport via DHL Express. No requirement to reside in Grenada

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Reduce tax burden

Zero personal tax. No tax on inheritance, capital gains, foreign income, dividends, interest, or royalties

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Global mobility and freedom

Starting a company in Grenada could help you diversify your business risks and optimize your tax obligations

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Return on investment

Investors can purchase a "qualifying" share of ownership in luxury hotels and resorts with a potential annual return of 2-4% from hotel operations. Capital investment can be recovered in 5 years

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Global mobility and freedom

There is no need to renounce your previous citizenship when obtaining grenada passport

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Fast application processing

Within 6 months

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Global mobility and freedom

At the St. George's University Medical School

Grenada

Citizenship

Processing Time and Terms

Enter your anticipated application start date for Grenada citizenship by investment program and receive a clear timetable for each step of the process

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Thank you! Your submission has been received!
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1

Sign a service agreement, fill out application forms, and pay the initial service and due diligence fees.

14

We compile a document package and submit it for due diligence performed by Grenada CBI unit

90

Due diligence and background check conducted by the state

30

We submit your citizenship application once we receive the approval, and you make payment of the outstanding investment amount, government fees, stamp duty, and other fees.

14

We supervise the issuance of your passport by Grenada and send your Certificate of Citizenship and passport by DHL Express.

There are Always Options to EXPAND YOUR BOUNDARIES! Let's Discuss Yours

Every client is unique

Every case requires an individual approach and solution. Our years of experience in the industry allow us to provide both.

We will answer all your questions and provide detailed information about the available second passport and residency programs to help you make the right choice.

Victoria

Lead Attorney at Golden Harbors

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Victoria

Lead Attorney at Golden Harbors