March 16, 2024


 min read

Colombian Marriage Visa: Ultimate Guide 2024








Colombian Marriage Visa: Ultimate Guide 2024


Colombian Marriage Visa, officially known as "M-1 Visa - Cónyuge o Compañero Permanente de Nacional Colombiano" is a legal document issued by the Colombian government to foreign nationals who are married to Colombian citizens or have established recognized civil unions with Colombian nationals. This visa category serves as a gateway for individuals from other countries to join their Colombian spouses or partners in Colombia, allowing them to reside, work, study, and engage in various activities within the country's borders. In 2022, marriage in Colombia increased to the point that an average of 560 weddings were registered daily. While 151,210 marriages were registered in September 2022, in the same period of 2023, the figure fell drastically to 91,199 couples.

Understanding the details of the Colombian Marriage Visa is essential for those contemplating or already engaged in a cross-border marriage or civil union with a Colombian citizen. This visa not only facilitates family reunification but also comes with specific requirements, application procedures, and legal responsibilities that applicants must adhere to during their stay in Colombia.

Colombian Marriage Laws

Getting married is a special and important step in life. In Colombia, there are some important rules you need to know about before tying the knot. 

Legal Age

The legal age for marriage in Colombia is 18 years old, according to the Civil Code of Colombia. However, minors who are over 14 years old can marry with the consent of their parents or legal guardians.

Civil Union and Partnership

Colombia recognizes civil unions or partnerships, commonly referred to as "unión marital de hecho" in Spanish. This legal status provides certain rights and responsibilities to couples who choose to live together without formalizing their relationship through marriage. Couples must live together for a certain period of time (commonly defined as 2 years). Both parties must be of legal age and mentally capable of consenting to the union.

Partners in a civil union are entitled to certain legal benefits, such as inheritance rights, social security benefits, and access to healthcare benefits through the partner's employer. If the couple has children together, they share parental rights and responsibilities.

In order to apply for a marriage visa, you must provide a notarized statement attesting to your civil union. In most cases, the recognition of a civil union is handled by a lawyer through the court system. 

Same Sex Civil Unions

Same-sex marriage is legal in Colombia, and a foreign spouse is able to apply for a marriage visa. In 2022, 1,546 same-sex couples got married in Colombia. While this data accounts for just over 2% of the total marriages registered in Colombia that same year, it is the highest number of formalized same-sex unions since the country legalized equal marriage in 2016. On the other hand, as of September 2023, 999 same-sex marriages had been registered.

Personal Presence

Occasionally, Colombian authorities require applicants to make a first-time, in-country personal appearance if they live abroad. 

Translation or Legalization of Documents

If your documents are not in Spanish, you will likely need certified translations. In addition, Colombia may require documents to be legalized or authenticated by a competent authority (such as an apostille).

Prenuptial Agreements

Prenuptial agreements are recognized in Colombia, and couples may choose to enter into one before getting married. These agreements allow couples to establish terms and conditions regarding their financial affairs, property rights, and other relevant matters before they get married. 

Civil and Religious Ceremonies

In Colombia, there are two types of marriage ceremonies: civil and religious. A civil marriage must be performed by a notary or a judge, and it is the legally recognized form of marriage. A religious marriage is optional and is usually performed in addition to a civil marriage.

Stay Duration

In accordance with the new Resolution 5477 of 2022, a Colombian Marriage Visa requires applicants to be in Colombia for 6 months per year or more to maintain their residence status. 

Colombian Marriage Visa Advantages

Colombian Marriage Visa has multiple advantages that extend far beyond the mere legal recognition of a marital union. From providing long-term residency to offering opportunities for work, investment, and access to social services, this visa is a gateway to stability and integration in Colombia. It comes with the following benefits: 

  1. Legal Residence

It grants legal residence status in Colombia, allowing you to live in the country without any restrictions related to visa durations or renewals. Legal residence in Colombia provides a stable foundation for building a new life and pursuing various opportunities in this diverse nation.

  1. Permanent Residence and Citizenship 

This visa allows the holder to stay in Colombia for up to 3 years. After 2 years, the foreign spouse is eligible to get a permanent residence card, which is valid for 5 years. It is possible to apply for Colombian citizenship at the end of this term. 

  1. Work Authorization

With a Colombian Marriage Visa, you can work in Colombia without the need for an additional work permit or visa. This visa not only facilitates your integration into Colombian society but also opens doors to a wide array of professional prospects and career advancement.

  1. Family Reunification

If you have children or financially dependent parents, they may also be eligible for a Colombian visa based on your status, allowing your family to stay together. In the last 3 years, the number of migrants who have settled in Colombia has surpassed the historic high. South America was the largest source of migrants in Colombia, followed by Central America (including Mexico), North America, and Europe.

  1. Social Service Access

As a legal resident, you may be eligible for certain social services and benefits provided by the Colombian government. You can enroll in educational institutions in Colombia, including universities and language schools.

  1. Investment Opportunities

You can invest in Colombian businesses or real estate, potentially leading to financial benefits. By seizing these investment opportunities, you not only contribute to Colombia's economy but also position yourself for potential long-term prosperity and growth in this dynamic market. The average investment share of nominal gross domestic product (GDP) data for Colombia is 23.0%.

  1. Travel within the Region

With a Colombian Marriage Visa, you may have an easier time traveling to other countries in the Andean region, as Colombia is part of the Andean Community. This  is a union comprising the South American countries of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. 

How do Colombian Marriage visas differ from Tourist and Migrant visas?

Colombian visas, like those of many other countries, are issued for various reasons, including marriage, tourism, and other immigration purposes. 

It is important to note that the Colombian Marriage Visa (M-1 Visa) is one of the types of migrant visas. A Migrant Visa in Colombia is a visa that allows foreign nationals to reside in Colombia for an extended period of time, typically for purposes such as marriage, work, family reunification, retirement, business, etc. It is designed for individuals who intend to establish a more permanent presence in the country. 

Here is a table summarizing the key differences between Colombian Marriage Visa, Tourist Visa, and Migrant Visas:

Visa Type Marriage Visa Tourist Visa Migrant Visa
Purpose To marry a Colombian national and reside
in Colombia as a spouse
For tourism and short-term visits to Colombia For individuals seeking to live and work in Colombia long-term
on different grounds
Length of Stay Typically valid for 3 years Usually valid for up to 90 days with the possibility of extensions Valid for the duration specified in the visa category, which can vary
Eligibility Criteria Must be married to a Colombian citizen or in a
recognized civil partnership
Open to tourists and individuals visiting for leisure,
business, or family visits
Eligibility depends on the specific category
(e.g., work, family reunification, marriage)
and may require a sponsor or job offer
Work Authorization Allowed Generally, you are not allowed to work with a tourist visa,
but exceptions may apply for business visitors
Work authorization may be included in certain categories of migrant visas,
such as work or business visas
Residency and Citizenship Can lead to permanent residency after 2 years of marriage
and citizenship after 7 years of marriage
Does not lead to residency or citizenship Certain migrant visa categories may lead to permanent residency or
citizenship eligibility after 2, 3, or 5 years of residence
Extensions and Renewals It is not possible to extend or renew, but visa holders
can reapply for a visa or get a permanent resident visa
Tourist visas can usually be extended for additional 90-day periods,
up to a maximum of 180 days per year
Migrant visa holders can apply for extensions and permanent residency
if they meet the requirements of their specific visa category

Colombian Marriage Visa Legal Requirements

If you are a foreign national and you are in a civil union or are legally married to a Colombian citizen or resident, you may need to obtain a marriage visa in order to legally reside in the country. The legal requirements for a Colombian marriage visa are as follows: 

  • Be of legal age (typically 18 years old);
  • Possess proof that you are in a civil union or are married to a Colombian citizen or resident. This includes a statement attesting to your civil union or a marriage certificate;
  • Do not possess a criminal history. You may be required to provide a criminal background check from your home country;
  • Have sufficient funds to support yourself in Colombia. 

Note: If a marital separation occurs, the foreigner must apply for another type of visa in order to remain legally in the country.

Colombian Marriage Visa Documents

To obtain a Colombian Marriage Visa, you will need to gather and submit the following documents: 

  • Visa application form;
  • A valid passport with at least two blank pages; 
  • Copy of the passport page with the last entry or exit stamp from Colombia and previous visas; 
  • A notarized letter from the Colombian spouse or permanent partner granting you legal authority to apply for the visa; 
  • Colombia ID card (Cédula de ciudadanía) of the Colombian spouse or permanent partner; 
  • Marriage certificate from Colombia or a notarized copy of a marriage certificate. Must be issued within 90 days of applying for a Colombia visa; 
  • Health insurance that covers all risks in the event of an accident, illness, pregnancy, disability, hospitalization, death, or repatriation; 
  • Passport-style photo, 3x4cm, with a white background; 
  • Additional documents proving the relationship, such as photos, documents, travel tickets, shared bills, time stamps, etc. 

Please keep in mind that if the marriage occurs outside of Colombia, the marriage certificate has to be translated into Spanish, apostilled, or legalized in the country of origin.

Colombian Marriage Visa Online Application Process

According to Resolution 5477 of 2022, the Colombian government has implemented an online application system to make the marriage visa application process easier and more accessible. This streamlined approach simplifies the application process and ensures that couples can navigate the visa requirements efficiently and conveniently.

The online application process has the following steps:

Step 1. Document Preparation and Application Submission 

The first step in obtaining an M-1 visa is to complete an online visa application form after gathering supporting documents. You will need electronic, scanned copies of all required documentation. 

Step 2. Pay a Study Fee

You will need to pay a government fee of around USD 52 to have your application reviewed. It will be completed online. 

Step 3. Receive Visa Approval and Get Your Online Visa 

You will be notified of the decision via email or through the online portal within 5 -10 business days. You will pay the issuance fee of around USD 230 online and receive an electronic version of your visa via email. Please note that this electronic visa is not a valid visa.

Step 4. Enter Colombia and Get Your Residence Permit Card

Once you have successfully entered Colombia, proceed with the application and acquisition of your Residence Permit Card to formalize your residency status in the country.

5 Tips How to Get a Colombian Marriage Visa from Golden Harbors

Based on our experience, the path to securing a Colombian Marriage Visa requires careful planning, meticulous documentation, and a thorough understanding of the application process. We provide our clients with the following tips to successfully get a M-1 Visa: 

  1. Understand Your Health Insurance Requirements

Beginning in 2022, the government will require all expats living in Colombia to obtain specific medical coverage that includes accidents, illness, hospitalization, disability, repatriation, maternity, and death. Additionally, make sure to thoroughly understand the terms and conditions of the policy to avoid any surprises in case of a medical emergency.

  1. Be Ready to Gather and Submit Additional Documents 

To obtain a Colombian Marriage Visa, applicants will likely need to prepare and submit additional documents beyond the official checklist. These documents serve as evidence of the genuineness and stability of the relationship, as well as the couple's intentions for the future. This includes evidence of cohabitation through shared leases or property ownership, showcasing the solidity of your living arrangement. Collect a comprehensive collection of photographs, both recent and from the past, portraying your journey as a couple with family and friends, underscoring the authenticity of your relationship.

  1. Proof of Accommodation

In some cases, you may be required to show where you will be staying. This means proving you have a place to live during your time in Colombia. If you are staying with your Colombian spouse, they might need to write a letter inviting you, and it might need to be verified by a notary. If you are renting a place, you will need a signed rental agreement. Just make sure you have copies of all these papers. 

  1. Presence of Colombian Children 

Children who are Colombian citizens can potentially play a role in facilitating a marriage visa application. If one of the parents is a foreigner applying for the visa, the children may need to be legally included in the application process, demonstrating the parent-child relationship. Additionally, if the foreigner is already married to a Colombian citizen and has children with them, the children may form a crucial part of the basis for the visa application through family reunification. Including dependent children in the application and providing evidence of a stable family unit can strengthen the overall visa application. 

  1. Hire a Local Attorney or Consultant

If you are finding the process particularly complex or challenging, consider hiring a local attorney or visa consultant who is well-versed in Colombian immigration laws. Golden Harbors Team can guide you through the process and ensure you have all the necessary documents. We can provide valuable insights and expertise to help streamline your immigration journey and increase your chances of a successful outcome.

Colombian Marriage Visa FAQs

The cost of a Colombian Marriage Visa is around USD 282. Other significant fees, such as professional services, document preparation, and certification, must also be considered. Please contact us for a more detailed quote based on your specific circumstances.

Is it hard to get a Colombian Marriage Visa?

No, it is not hard to get a Colombian Marriage Visa if you meet the eligibility criteria. This visa is restricted to individuals with a Colombian spouse or permanent partner. The key steps involve providing necessary documents, including a valid passport, proof of legal entry, and a marriage certificate. 

Can you get a Colombian Marriage Visa online?

Yes, you can get a Colombian Marriage Visa online through the Ministry of Foreign Affairs portal. However, after receiving online visa approval, you must travel to Bogotá and get a residence permit card. 

What is the duration of the Colombian Marriage Visa?

The duration of the Colombian marriage visa is up to 3 years. This visa allows you to accumulate time for the Permanent Resident Visa if you stay for 2 years as a visa holder. After 5 years of being a permanent resident, you can apply for Colombian citizenship.

Can you renew the Colombian Marriage Visa?

Yes, you  can reapply for a new marriage visa. If you decide to submit a new marriage visa application, you must do so within 30 days of the expiration of your current visa. Alternatively, it is preferable to apply for a permanent resident visa after the first 2 years of holding a marriage visa. This visa is valid for up to 5 years and can be extended.


Residence Benefits

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Fast application processing

2-3 months


Global mobility and freedom

no residence limits. In order to maintain residence status, it is necessary to spend six months per year in Colombia


Business opportunities

expansion, entry into the Latin American market, and access to development projects in Bogota, Cali, Barranquilla, and other cities


Global mobility and freedom

Option to purchase commercial and residential real estate with an annual return of up to 5%, and a return on initial investment in 5 years


The clear path to Colombian citizenship

residents can apply for Colombian citizenship if they have been in Colombia for 10 years


Global mobility and freedom

family members (spouse, financially dependent parents, and children) can apply for a residence permit together with the main applicant


Rights of a resident

a residence permit is issued with the rights to work, do business and study


Global mobility and freedom

Colombia has a favorable tax regime, with low taxes and generous incentives for foreign investors


Residence Permit

Processing Time and Terms

Enter your estimated application start date for the Colombian Residence Permit and receive a clear timetable for each step

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Sign a service agreement with Golden Harbors, pay the initial service and due diligence fees, and fill out application forms


Prepare the necessary documentation for your chosen residency category


Open a bank account and make the investment


Apply for a visa at the Colombian Embassy or Consulate. The processing time will vary depending on the embassy or consulate handling your application


Visit Colombia and apply for a residence permit. Within two months, the Immigration Service will review the application and make a decision

There are Always Options to EXPAND YOUR BOUNDARIES! Let's Discuss Yours

Every client is unique

Every case requires an individual approach and solution. Our years of experience in the industry allow us to provide both.

We will answer all your questions and provide detailed information about the available second passport and residency programs to help you make the right choice.


Lead Attorney at Golden Harbors

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Lead Attorney at Golden Harbors